Even though many people are not aware of it, the bioeconomy is already part of our everyday lives. Biological resources and innovative technologies are already used to replace unsustainable products and processes that are currently made from fossil ressources. Some bio-based goods may even have novel properties making them superior to the products we currently depend on.
Biobased solutions can contribute to sustainable economic growth, innovation and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. 3D printing, for example, is enabled by biological materials and bio-inspired structures. Biodegradable packaging materials can be grown from mycelium or produced from starch. High-tech materials, such as break-resistant smartphone displays and waterproof textiles, can be biobased, non-toxic and renewable. With a view to climate action, bioeconomy involves renewable energy, using CO2 as a feedstock and low-carbon production. Exploring algae as an alternative source of energy and food is one approach, using lightweight and renewable materials in sustainable transport, another.